A commodity is a natural product that one can deliver as a raw material for the manufacture of other products. 

To put it another way, we can purchase, sell or exchange goods in a variety of markets.

However, commodities are the raw materials that people use only to make goods that are used in daily life all over the world.

To classify as a commodity, a product must have a monetary value.

Hence, commodities may be traded as components of a diversified investment portfolio on the international market.

Commodities and Types of commodities

A commodity is a fundamental physical asset. However, as a raw material in the manufacture of products or services, frequent use of commodity is there. 

A product must be compatible with some other commodity of the same form and grade, so that we can exchange it in the market. To a merchant, gold is gold, regardless of where it is from. Fungible is the word for this consistency of commodities.

Commodities has various categories for a variety of purposes. First and foremost, these aim to make price comparisons easier. These distinctions are often present for trading comfort. Hence, it makes them easier to study. However, in order to move on with almost all of the different types of commodities available, you’ll need to know some fundamentals. There are many choices to consider when deciding which one is right for you.


The first on our list has recently been very active. This one showcases a variety of energy-related items that can be used to heat and fuel both businesses and homes. Petroleum, petroleum byproducts, crude oil, heating oil, propane, natural gas, and even coal are all examples. There is a minimum amount set by the exchange in this segment of commodity types. Also, a standard agreement size, or the amount protected by the futures contract, is available.


The next product class on the list is grains. Wheat, oats, corn, rice, and soybeans are examples of these crops. It may also refer to a wide range of other agricultural goods. The Chicago Board of Trade, or CBOT, has a lot of experience with these. Typically, once can trade these as futures contracts. There is a minimum and a standard agreement size for these goods as well.


Coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton, and orange juice are examples of softs. The Coffee, Sugar, and Cocoa Trade, or CSCE, is the most popular exchange for such commodities. Since eighty percent of oranges convert into a frozen extract, that people sell, However, the oranges themselves are not traded as forms. Frozen Orange Juice that concentrate, or FCOJ, are one of the commodities that trade on the New York Cotton Exchanges.


Metals are has two categories: industrial metals as well as precious metals. Gold, which belongs to the latter group, is one of the most common metal commodities due to its high level of price stability. When stock values are dropping, many investors tend to invest in precious metals. Silver, platinum, aluminum, tin, and copper are examples of other metals.

Livestock and meat

Live cattle, feeder cattle, live hogs, pork bellies, and milk are among the livestock and animal products. Many of the same drawbacks and advantages apply to this industry as they do to agriculture.

types of commodities

How are commodities traded?

Commodity trading is the practice of buying and selling goods for a profit. The spot market and also futures market are the two forms of commodity trading. Commodities that ship right away uses spot market, however, the commodities that deliver later uses futures market.

However, most commodity traders are speculators who do not want to take delivery of the commodities they sell, many futures contracts are terminated before the due date. Hence, futures contracts exchange on futures exchanges, with most commodities having their own local exchange.

Commodities, like futures, are traded on public markets, with their fluctuating prices shown publicly. Exchanges either specialize in a specific category of a commodity or sell a variety of different types. Metals are traded on the London Metal Exchange (LME), whereas agriculture, energy, and metals are traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME).

What factors have an effect on commodity prices?

Commodities are generally high-risk investments. Their prices change because of supply and demand, which influences stocks as well. Different factors influence commodities, unlike stocks. factors such as weather and natural disasters influence commodity.

Why do you put money into commodities?

Commodities are not a poor investment just because they are vulnerable to a range of risks. However, in reality, if you have the right plan and can keep an eye on the markets, they can be very profitable.

Benefits of Commodities

Commodities may be used to increase diversity in a portfolio. Also, it help reduce risk profiles by acting as a counterbalance to stocks.

Inflation hedge: As inflation increases, the price of goods rises, while the value of the currency falls. Between 1802 and 2013, commodities offered an annual return of.06 percent, as per Adam Grealish, director of investing at Betterment, which is marginally higher than average savings today. During the same time span, the dollar lost 1.4 percent per year.

Different goods have different levels of volatility. Metals, such as gold and silver, have a much more constant price than crops that are susceptible to drought or animals that are susceptible to disease.


Commodity values, as tangible assets, tend to shift in the opposite direction of paper assets like stocks. However, they may serve as a counterbalance to an equities-heavy portfolio, reducing overall risk. As a result, when stocks are falling in value, such as during a bear market, many investors turn to commodities.

Other investors use commodities as an inflation hedge. Since they are tangible commodities, their value tends to increase in tandem with other rising values, while the value of the currency and what you can do with it tends to decline.

Nonetheless, a fine-tuned approach that focuses on diversity or a few of the more stable commodities will yield excellent results. However, keeping an eye on the markets, as well as the weather, is critical. And even anything as harmless as an early frost has the potential to reduce your yield.

PL Global is a commodity exchange company that makes the trading of commodities easier and simpler.

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